Impact Factor

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What is Impact Factor ?

The Impact Factor is a measure of the frequency with which an average article in a journal has been cited in a particular year . It is used as a tool to gauge the relative importance of a journal within its field, and also to measure the impact of an individual article .

How Impact Factor is Calculated ?

The Impact Factor is calculated by dividing the number of citations in a year to articles published in the journal in the previous two years, divided by the total number of citable articles published in the journal in those same two years . In other words, the Impact Factor is a ratio of citations to recent articles .

Why does the Impact Factor matter ?

Journals with a higher Impact Factor are typically considered to be more prestigious and influential than those with a lower Impact Factor . This means that papers published in these journals are more likely to be read and cited by other researchers . As such, authors who wish to maximize the reach and impact of their work will often aim to publish in high-impact journals .

What Are The Advantages and Disadvantages of Impact Factor ?

On one hand, Impact factor can be a useful metric for identifying high-quality journals . If a journal has a high impact factor, it is likely that its articles are being widely read and highly cited by other researchers . This suggests that the journal is publishing important research that is making an impact in its field .

On the other hand, impact factor has some limitations as a measure of quality . For example, it does not take into account the quality of individual articles, only the average quality of all articles in a given year . Additionally, impact factor may be biased against newer journals, which have had less time to build up citations .

Finally , citation counts will also be influenced by self-citation ( this is where an author cites their own work in order to boost the citation count for that article and consequently the journal overall impact factor ) . Some journals have been known to inflate their impact factors by engaging in excessive self-citation, so it’s important to be aware of this when interpreting impact factor data .

Overall, impact factor should be used as one tool among many when evaluating the quality of a journal .

What Strategies Can Improve Impact Factor ?

There are many strategies that can be employed to improve the impact factor of a journal . Some of these are:

  • Increasing the number and quality of papers published in the journal
  • Improving the visibility of the journal through marketing and advertising
  • Encouraging more citations from other journals
  • Making the journal’s content more accessible to readers
  • Working with editorial boards to ensure that papers are of high quality



An article impact factor is an important measure of its quality and reputation in the scholarly community . While it can be difficult to interpret, we hope that this guide has provided you with a better understanding of how impact factors are calculated and why they matter . Impact factors should never be your only criteria for judging an academic journal or article, but having a solid grasp on them will equip you with valuable information about your research material .

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